Republic of Nicaragua
Central America, between the Caribbean Sea (East), the Pacific Ocean (West), Honduras (North) and Costa Rica (South). Geographic coordinates: 13:00 North, 85:00 West.
130,668 sq. km. (50,451 sq. mi.). Slightly larger than the state of New York, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.
Tropical in the lowlands, cooler in the highlands. Temperatures vary from 81-90°F (27-32°C) during the rainy season from May to October, and from 86-95°F (30-35°C) during the dry season from November to April. The climate in the western region of the country between the lakes and the Pacific Ocean is dry and has little precipitation. The eastern part is hot, humid and rainy.
Getting around can be easy, enjoyable and safe throughout Nicaragua. According to statistics by Interpol and the United Nations, Nicaragua is one of the safest countries in the Americas, and the safest in Central America.
Colonial cities such as León and Granada are more pedestrian- friendly than larger cities such as Managua. Taxis are plentiful and relatively inexpensive throughout the country. It is advisable to use officially registered taxis, which have red license plates (the numbers should be legible), or licensed tour guides. Radio-dispatched taxis are available at the airport and major hotels. Major rental car companies are located at the airport and in other locations. Visitors can use a driver’s license for thirty days after entering the country. Inter-city buses and rental cars are also plentiful.
Managua is the capital and the nation’s largest city, with a population of 1,262,978. Other important cities include: León, Granada, Jinotega, Matagalpa, Chinandega, and Masaya.
Nicaragua’s population of 5,675,356 (July 2007 estimate) is concentrated mostly in the western regions of the country. The largest ethnic population is mestizo, or mixed European and indigenous, with smaller groups of whites, blacks of Jamaican origin, and other indigenous minorities.
The culture of Nicaragua reflects the mixed Ibero-European and Indian ancestry of the majority of its people.
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by the vast majority of Nicaraguans. English and indigenous languages are used along the Caribbean coast and in parts of the Atlantic coastal plain. Many Nicaraguans also speak some English.
Córdoba (C$). Exchange rate: Approximately C$ 28.80 per US dollar (July, 2016). Most establishments will accept payment in US dollars. Major credit cards are typically accepted in hotels, restaurants, and stores in both urban and tourist areas. Currency exchange can be transacted at most banks and hotels. The Córdoba is sometimes also referred to as the Peso.
Managua International Airport and three domestic airports (Bluefields, Puerto Cabezas and Corn Island). These airports are managed by the International Airport Management Authority (www.eaai.com.ni).
All visitors need a passport valid for at least six months to enter Nicaragua. For more information please visit our website: www.visitanicaragua.com
Tap water in Managua is considered safe to drink. Outside of the capital, bottled water is advised.
Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 a.m.
Saturday from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 a.m.